Monstera plants have more than 50 monstera species. All of them are beautiful plants. But monstera siltepecana is a little different. If you like to grow uncommon plants then you should definitely grow monstera siltepecana. Monstera siltepecana care and maintenance methods are way easy than other monstera species.
In today’s post, we will discuss all the care aspects of monstera siltepecana plants.
About the plant
Before discussing the plant needs it is best to know more about its size, shape, and nature. Siltepecana plants are native to Mexico and Central America. In jungles, the plants grow on the floor. But as it grows it starts climbing on the large trees.
It also changes its leaf color. In the initial stage of growth, this plant develops bright green leaves. Once it gets matured the leaves turn into dark green color.
Quick Care guide
|Common names||Silver monstera|
|Toxicity||Toxic to cats|
|Leaf size||2-3 inches long, 2 inches wide|
|Pests||Aphids, Mealybugs, Scales|
|Diseases||Root rot, Yellow leaves|
Monstera Siltepecana care
Few hours of indirect bright light are sufficient to grow and care monstera siltepecana. Morning sunlight is good for monstera plants. In fact, morning sunlight between 7 am to 10.30 am is super beneficial for plants.
You can put the plant pot near the sunny window. This way your plant will get enough light and you also save it from the light burn.
Excess bright light burns the plant leaves. Monstera leaves are big in size but they are soft. Almost every houseplant has soft tissue in the leaves. This is the reason that every experienced grower advises to grow houseplants in indirect bright light
Watering monstera plants is a little tricky if you never water houseplant before. I water my houseplants in the same way. Actually, there is a safe way of watering plants. This way you can save your plants from many diseases caused by excess water.
To water any houseplant, wait until the top 1 inch of soil gets dry.
For monstera plants let the top 2 inches of the soil dry. Then take normal drinking water and give it to the thirsty plants.
Dry soil ensures that the plant is thirsty. You can check it with your finger.
For accurate moisture reading, you have to buy and use a digital soil moisture monitor. This is a device that measures the moisture in the soil and displays the reading on the LCD screen.
Do not use dense soil for growing silver monstera plants. The soil has to well-draining and fast moisture absorbing. When we water the plants, the moisture gets stored in the soil particles. But as we all know soil becomes soggy and heavy when it absorbs a large amount of water.
Therefore, you have to add some external substances to the soil. To make it perfect for caring silver monstera.
Add sphagnum moss to the soil to make it aerated and fast-draining.
This type of soil increases the airflow in the root area. Plants need fresh oxygen to live as we need it. When they do not get fresh air or get less air than the requirement. The plants start wilting and show stunted growth.
They become weak and easily get infected by plant diseases.
If you are living in the 9b to 11 USDA zones. Then you do not need to worry about the temperature. The weather conditions in these areas are good for growing beautiful plants like silver monstera.
Otherwise, you have to maintain the temperature of the grow room between 10 to 30 degrees C.
For best monstera siltepecana care keep the humidity levels on the higher side. It can survive in a low humidity environment. But we need healthy fresh looking vibrant plants.
In this case, you need to increase the indoor humidity to grow bright and beautiful plants.
There are many ways to upsurge the humid level. The best method is the use of a humidifier only if you have 3 or more plants.
Grouping the plants together will also increase the 15 to 25 % humidity.
It is not necessary to group the same type of plants. You can group all your houseplants randomly. This formula works in 90% of the cases.
Fertilizer monstera siltepecana only in spring and summer. Once in spring and once in summer. Any normal houseplant fertilizer will do the best. Do not buy a so-called specific type of fertilizer.
All houseplants need Nitrogen, phosphorous, and potassium as the main nutrients.
The good news is every plant fertilizer contains all of them. Their percentage is different in each formula.
For example, lettuce needs a high dosage of nitrogen, therefore, lettuce fertilizers contain N in higher quantity than P and K.
You need to identify the needs of your plants if it is a fast grower then you need fast releasing fertilizer. Otherwise, slow-releasing nutrients are best for all other plants.
In this case, use liquid type all-purpose houseplant fertilizer.
Silver Monstera can be propagated in water, soil, sphagnum, and perlite. Below are all 4 propagation techniques. Read all of them and decide which is easy for you. Then follow the steps and have more beautiful siltepecana plants.
Propagation in water
The first step is having a clean sterilized knife.
Then make a cut below the nodes.
Take the crystal-clear glass and fill it with filtered water.
Put the cutting in the glass of water.
Make sure the leaves are above the water level. If they are not then decrease the water level.
Change the water once a week.
Put it at normal room temperature.
With in 15 to 20 days you will see tiny white roots
At this time, you can transfer the plant to its final pot and in the final growing medium.
Soil is an easy way of propagation. Because once you place it in the pot then you do not need to do much work. Just keep the soil moist until the plant gets established in the pot.
The cutting should have one node and 2 to 3 leaves.
Then let the end of the cutting dry.
Dip the cutting in the rooting hormone (if already have).
If you do not have rooting hormone not need to buy it.
Put the well-draining potting mix in the pot.
Make a hole in it and plant the cutting.
Keep the soil moist all the time.
Put the pot in a warm place.
After 3 weeks carefully take out the pot to check if it develops roots or not.
If it has roots then transfer it to the final pot.
Propagate in Sphagnum
The whole process is the same as soil propagation. The only difference is here we use sphagnum moss as a growing medium.
First of all, soak moss in the water.
Then put it in the container and plant the cutting in it.
Cover it to increase the humidity
Use transparent plastic cover for covering or sphagnum will dry in few hours.
In 2 to 3 weeks, you will see the roots. Then you can transfer it to any growing medium of your choice.
Aphids, mealybugs, and Scales are the main enemies of the monstera plants.
Aphids are the sapsuckers. They drink the entire plant contents if not fixed on time. They can be brown, green, black, or yellow. Some of them have wings and some not.
These are white insects that are coated in white cotton-like cover. They also suck the sap of the plants like aphids. The only difference is aphids are easy to kill. Whereas in 20% of the cases growers lose their plants in mealybug infestation.
These insects are slow movers. They usually stay on a leaf. but they are hard to kill than mealybugs and aphids.
The Single solution
There is one single solution to all common pest infestations.
In the first step use soap water to clean your plants. This will work more on aphids and mealybugs. If this will not work then use a neem oil spray. This spray will kill the pests in few hours. Also, save plants from various plant diseases.
In the third step use pesticides on houseplants. Tell the pest story to the pesticidal shop and they will give the spray bottle of pesticides. Take the plant outside and then use the spray. Also, read the instructions carefully and do not forget to wear a mask.
Common silver monstera diseases
Yellow leaves are caused by the extra water in the plant pot. The excess water makes the soil wet and heavy. This blocks the flow of fresh air. The result is plant leaves turn into yellow color.
In this condition do not water the plants. Take it out of the pot and check the bottom conditions. remove the extra water. Add some new soil to it and plant it back in the same pot.