Cannabis strains are differentiated in three primary groups




There are many other types available but most of the consumers known these well-known strains.

Today I will show what is the difference between them and what are their effects.

Indica strains are well known for their sedative nature, which means if you want to enjoy the time after a long day of hard work Indica is the best option. It reduces stress, mental tiredness and gives a happy feeling. Many insomniacs also use Indica strains to sleep better.

If you too find difficulties falling in sleep you should try it before taking any medicine.

On the other hand,

Sativa strain is also called party strain they are mostly used to uplift the mood, it increases the cerebral effect means your body wants to dance and do other physical activities after inhaling it. So next time when you go to a party don’t forget Sativa. It has LOW THC content and does not give over the feeling of high.

Hybrid are balanced strains made by humans by cross-breeding different male and female strains. This gives a balanced ratio of CBD and THC. If you just want to sit and enjoy this is of you. No party, no Physical activity just sit on a chair have Hybrid and relax.

To find the strain that is suitable for your body you need to understand the chemical composition of that strain. This guide will teach how you can identify the strain from their shape and visual inspection.  When you know about the chemical compositions of strains you will find it easy for you to choose the best strain for yourself.

Because if you have the best strain for your body than you can enjoy the time.


Scientists point of view about Indica vs Sativa?

Jeffery Raber, Ph.D. is a founder of the first independent cannabis terpenes testing lab. They make it clear that the chemical compounds in marijuana and chemical structure marijuana is very complex. They said in clinical trials cannabis shown equal effects means it does not matter it is Indica or Sativa effects are almost similar. And it is difficult to say Indica strains always give sedentary effect and Sativa give celebrating or energizing effect.

Further, they said it does not matter cannabis is small, tall or bushy. We can’t say any particular strain has a similar effect on everybody.

They said the effect of cannabis strain is dependent upon the body type of consumer, their tolerance power, methods of consumption, diet, etc.  This is the reason why some people feel energize and high after inhaling Indica strains.

In short, not all Sativa can energize you and not all Indica will sedate you. It depends on the way you consume it, your body tolerance power, your health, etc. No one can tell from the chemical composition that which strain gives which type of effects.

Every chemical affects everybody differently.

Interesting about Indica and Sativa

The effect of cannabis strains is depending on many factors like the number of terpenes and cannabinoids in it. Also, on the method of consumption, consumer health, etc.


The chemical compounds found in cannabis plants are called cannabinoids. THC and CBD are the main two cannabinoids that are well known to cannabis growers and users. They are responsible for the high and sedate effect of cannabis buds

THC stands for tetrahydrocannabinol, it gives us high feeling, hungry feeling, give relief from pain, nausea and more.

CBD stands for cannabidiol it is a non-intoxicating substance it does not give high feeling but reduces anxiety, inflammation, pain. It is widely used as medicinal marijuana.

Let’s get familiar with THC and CBD

THC: These strains are mostly liked by those who like to get high and want to use marijuana for enjoyment. Also, it is recommended for insomnia, anxiety, pain, and stress. If you feel you cannot handle the high amount of THC, stop it right now and start using Hybrid or CBD types.

CBD:  You know the full form. These strains have only a limited amount of THC. This is the reason why some people feel a little high for only a few minutes after inhaling CBS strains. The medical patient often uses this type and is mostly prescribed by doctors.

Both THC and CBD: This is the hybrid form of cannabis. It has a balance of THC and CBD. This gives the advantages of both Indica and Sativa strains.


These are the aromatic compounds commonly found in almost every fruit and plants. They are responsible for the fragrance of fruit or plants. Flowers like Lavender, Jasmine, fruits like oranges, etc have terpenes.

The question is How their presence affects the strains.

Researches said terpenes play a major role in the effectiveness of cannabis strains. They advise while buying strains choose those that give strong marijuana smell for high THC levels. Aromas will tell you about the potency and nature of that specific strain. Strains that don’t have a strong smell of cannabis are high in CBD and low in THC.

Terpenes make cannabis smell like berries, citrus. Terpenes also decide the flavor of cannabis buds.

There are many terpenes present in each cannabis plant but the major ones are




If it is possible to smell the cannabis while buying. Choose cannabis that’s aroma stands out to you.

Dose and Method of Consumption


Ask the following question to yourself before buying marijuana

How my body and mind react to high THC level cannabis. If your tolerance is low choose strains with a low percentage of THC

Does THC give you side effects like anxiety and fear? The solution is Choose cannabis high in CBD

How long you want the cannabis effect to lasts? If you want it last for longer choose cannabis edibles and start from the lower dose than increase it slowly.

It is proven that ingested cannabis gives long-lasting effects than smoking.

There are many other things that you need to consider before making any decision. But if you are still confused about choosing the best strains for yourself here is more deep information.

CBS vs THC In Strains

Each plant has a different amount of THC and CBD produce. To know exactly I am taking the help of Lab sourced data. This data will help us to know the average abundance of CBD and THC.

thc in cannabis

As you can see in the figure the average percentage of THC in Indica, Sativa, and Hybrid is almost the same. It does not matter which type of cannabis plant you are growing you will get the Same minimum amount of THC for sure.  This clearly shows that every strain has some amount of THC even if the dispensaries call it pure CBD strain.

Now let’s see the Lab analysis of CBD percentage in cannabis plants

CBD in cannabis

Again, the results are similar to THC results. The only hybrid strain has more CBD than Indica and Sativa.

So, if the Lab analysis reports of the cannabinoid profile do not tell you the difference between Indica, Sativa, and hybrid. Are there any other methods to find out the difference between each of these three strains?

Terpenes analysis of Indica, Sativa and Hybrid

Till now you know that terpenes are responsible for the different aromas found in cannabis. Now let’s find out how the presence of terpene can make a strain more sedative or energize than others.

Tale a look at some lab data to know it better

cannabis in canada

As you can see in the image above, all three strain produces a similar number of terpenes at different stages. but the interesting point is there is a big difference in the amount of terpinolene (a type of terpene). Hybrid, Indica, and Sativa produce different amounts of terpinolene. Hybrid and Sativa produce a high amount of it.

Terpinolene dominant strains are Dutch Treat, Golden Goat, Ghost Train.

The above data suggests that all strains that produce similar cannabinoids and terpenes give more reliable and consistent results.

The word Indica and Sativa

Indica and Sativa were first introduced in around the 18th century to describe the type of cannabis. Sativa cannabis was first grown in Europe for the fiber and seeds.

Indica cannabis is native of INDIA. Indica gives psychoactive effects, all varieties that give high feeling are listed under Indica Type.

Today most of the cannabis types that we consume are Indica ones.

Sativa cannabis plants are taller with narrow leaf and give energizing effects

Indica plants have broad leaves and deliver a sedating effect.

Hemp is a non-intoxicating type of cannabis grown for its seeds, fiber, and other non-recreational uses.

What is Hybrid Marijuana?

Hybrid strains are developed by our scientists by combining the Indica and Sativa strains. Hybrid strains have a good combination of CBD and THC. These are perfect for those who want to enjoy the high effect with medicinal properties. But it did not give the high feeling as Indica does.

OG Kush, GSC, Blue Dream are the most commonly used types of Hybrid cannabis.