If you like to have a beautiful jasmine flower plant in your garden. Then the Arabian Jasmine also known as Jasminum Sambac is the best choice. This variety of Jasmine plants produces white color clustered flowers.
These flowers produce an amazingly sweet smell that spread happiness in the environment. And it is easy to grow and care for Arabian Jasmine plants.
The plant has a life span of 10 to 15 years depending on the care. And it does not demand much care and nutrition. Just plant the seeds in fertile soil and give them some water it will grow on its own.
This plant is native to tropical areas where it grows in high humidity. But it can easily tolerate medium humid conditions.
The interesting part is Arabian Jasmine is the National flower of the Philippines.
In this post, you will know how to grow and care Arabian Jasmine plant.
Preparing to grow Arabian Jasmine plant
Arabian Jasmine Seeds
Best Containers for growing Jasmine plants
Neem spray for Protection
Quick care guide
|Common Name||Arabian Jasmine, Jasminum Sambac|
|Height||0.5 to 3 Meter|
|Light||Full Sun or Partial Shade|
|Fertilizer||4 times per year|
|Soil||Well darning soil|
|Pest||Aphids, Spider Mites are common|
About the Arabian Jasmine plant
You will be surprised to know that the jasmine plants are widely grown all over the globe. The reason behind this large cultivation is its beauty, easy maintenance, and its beautiful fragrance. The white flowers on each branch produce a brilliant sweet fragrance. You can smell the fragrance in all parts of your yard.
Some Jasmines only release fragrance at night time. But others release fragrance between 5 pm to 8 pm. They make the evening special with their mind and body relaxing fragrance.
According to a recent study conducted at the University of Prince land. Fragrance reduces mind stress in males and females. Arabian Jasmine plant is the one that is used in the research. Researchers found that 87% of the participants feel physically fit and mentally relaxed. When they are exposed to the Jasmine plant fragrance.
So, if you are living a stressful life and have huge responsibilities. And do not have time for yourself then grow Arabian jasmine plant in your backyard. Sitting in the back yard for a few minutes near the Jasmine plant will help you to reduce the stress.
The plant reaches its maximum height of 3 meters in a year. Some plants do not get this height due to improper care. It produces dark bright green color leaves that are 4 to 9 cm long and 2 to 6 cm wide.
The flowers bloom throughout the entire year. Only if you have warm weather for 365 days. The interesting part is the jasmine flowers are used in Chinese tea for fragrance. You can buy jasmine oil if you don’t have enough place to grow jasmine plants.
Jasmine plants that grow in pots do not achieve 3-meter height. They remain short but produce a good number of flowers with a strong pleasant smell.
Arabian Jasmine, Spanish Jasmine, Italian Jasmine, Indian Jasmine, Winter Jasmine are the common types of Jasmine plants. These are commonly found all over the globe.
Arabian jasmine Plant Care Guide
Your plant will bloom throughout the year if you care for it properly. Below are the steps that you need to follow while growing jasmine plants.
Sunlight & Temperature
It is a tropical plant this means it loves to grow in warm humid condition. It can handle the cold weather and cold winds but not the frost. Arabian Jasmine plants will die just after the first frost.
The ideal temperature range for growing Arabian jasmine plant is 20 to 32 Degrees Celsius. If the temperature at night drops below the 20 Degree C. The plant becomes uncomfortable and does not produce flowers.
Jasmine plants need 6 to 8 hours of Sunlight. Container grown plants also need the same amount of light. The good news is they can handle the low light conditions without compromising with the bloom.
Put your container outside in the day time and move it back inside in the evening. Or you can put the container of jasmine plant on the Sunny window shell.
Light is the energy of a plant. They produce their food by using it.
Water & Humidity
Water it regularly to 1 inch per week. Always check the soil condition before watering. If the upper inch of soil feels dry give some water to your plant. Do not give extra water to any plant. This action will cause root rot conditions.
No doubt it needs high humid conditions to live. It is also true that you cannot make tropical areas like conditions everywhere. The best way to give it the humidity it needs is by keeping the soil moist. You need to keep the soil moist, not wet.
Wet soil causes root fungus that is a deadly disease for plants. Without gardening experience, you cannot heal your plant once it gets affected by root rot.
Cutting the affected part of the plant roots not always work. You may need to work hard to fix root rot.
Another important thing is,
Do not put the plant container too close to the heat vent in winters. The heat released by the vents dries the plant-soil quickly. Put it a little far from the heating vents.
Jasmine plants need the soil just like the soil in tropical areas. Lightweight, humus soil with good draining capabilities is best for growing Arabian jasmine plants. Before planting the cuttings or seedlings in your outdoor garden. You have to check the soil pH. Because the Jasmine plant likes to grow in little acidic soil.
The pH of the soil should be in the range between 5 to 6.5 on the pH scale. You can check the pH at home with the help of a pH measuring kit.
For outdoor planting add organic compost to your soil 2 weeks before planting the jasmine plant. Compost makes your soil loose and holds enough water for the plant. Also, compost reduces the nutrient needs of plants. Because it has everything that a flowering plant like jasmine needs to grow.
For container planting, the soil should have the same qualities. Just do not add compost in container soil. Using pre-fertilized potting soil is the best option. This also reduces the nutrient requirement of Container plants.
Before selecting the pre-mixed soil from the local store by yourself. Tell them that you need soil to grow the Jasmine plant in a container.
Fertilizing Jasmine Plants
Arabian Jasmine does not need much fertilization. All you need to do is for the best flowers, just fertilize them 4 times per year. If you add compost to the soil then fertilize it only 2 times per year. Spring and summer are the best time to give it a nutrient boost.
For outdoor plants use slow releasing fertilizer in granular form.
For indoor plants or container plants always use liquid fertilizers. All liquid fertilizers come in concentrated form. You need to mix them according to the instructions in the water to dilute them. Reduce their strength before giving them to the plants.
Low strength fertilizer is oaky for the plant. Whereas a high dosage of fertilizer can burn your Growing Arabian jasmine.
Whenever the indoor temperature drops below 20 degrees C. Reduce the fertilization to once per 6 weeks.
14-14-14 fertilizer is best for container plants. For outdoor growing jasmine plants use 10-30-10 ratio granular fertilizer.
Propagating Jasminum Sambac
Generally propagated from the soft cuttings. This means you need to take the cutting just before the growing season. While taking the cutting make sure you do not cut the hard stem. Because hardwood does not have enough energy to grow best.
Just cut below the leaf node and remove all the leaves and flowers. Then dip the cutting in the freshwater, then in the rooting hormone, and plant it the right way in the potting soil.
Keep everything ready in advance and plant cuttings immediately
Repotting Jasminum Sambac
Jasminum Sambac does not like to live in extra-large pots. While up-potting (repotting) make sure your new pot is only 2 inches wider or deep than the existing pot. Also do not add extra soil to fill the pot to its top. And plant your Jasminum Sambac at the same depth as it was in the previous pot.
Once again you only need a few inches wider and deeper pot for repotting. Because extra wide and deep pots hold a large amount of water. Excess water is not good for your plant.
Growing problems of jasmine plant
If the jasmine plant is not producing flowers. The problem is caring not the pests and diseases. This issue is common in container jasmine plants. Move the container to a sunny location. The plant will start producing flowers.
Yellow leaves are triggered by underwatering conditions. Arabian Jasmine likes to live in moist soil. When the soil gets out of the water the plant leaves are turning to yellow color.
Aphids, Spider mites, and Saissetia Oleae are the common pests that attack jasmine plants. To kill or prevent these pests use neem spray.
Leaf spot and Root rot are the 2 common jasmine plant diseases. For prevention avoid excess water. If your plant is already affected by the leaf spot then use Bio fungicide spray. This will solve your problem.